The Sexual Crimes in Conflict Database is a unique tool that allows users to conduct research on conflict-related sexual and gender-based violence. It combines a broad collection of relevant jurisprudence from international, hybrid, regional and national courts together with relevant findings from other transitional justice mechanisms, such as commissions of inquiry or truth commissions. Recognizing the role of academic literature in offering an enhanced understanding and critique of SGBV prosecution, the database also provides users with a combination of academic and grey literature. This includes, inter alia, research publications, working papers, official or policy related documents, and NGO reports, which address specific issues related to sexual and gender-based violence. Relevant areas of focus include causality of conflict-related sexual violence, gaps in jurisprudence, obstacles to establishing accountability, negative impacts of prosecution, means of prevention as well as training materials dealing with investigation and prosecution.
The database has been created to allow practitioners and researchers, from both legal and social science backgrounds, to conduct groundwork research on the prosecution of sexual crimes in various judicial mechanisms. Search results of this database display a succinct overview of the relevant jurisprudence and/or literature, together with references and links to the full judgments. For the jurisprudence, each case addresses the position of the accused, the sexual violence charges with which the individual was indicted and/or convicted, the relevant findings of the court at all instances, and where applicable, the legal significance of the case. The literature entries display a short description of the source’s relevance to understanding the nature of conflict-related sexual violence or the prosecution of such crimes. Generally, users are able to search for specific cases, crimes and international justice mechanisms, and can display entries by time frame, country, or broader issues.
Given the wide-spanning jurisprudence and literature collected and surveyed, this database can be seen as a basic and yet very specific tool to identify cases dealing with particular sexual violence issues at both the international and national level. As the data is not limited solely to international tribunals, but also military courts, national courts and truth commissions, it allows users to conduct comparative research on cross-cutting issues in multiple jurisdictions. The brief analyses provided for each data entry aim to guide users to the pertinent case-law and literature and offer a foundation upon which to conduct more targeted research.
With building this online database, the International Nuremberg Principles Academy recognizes the groundbreaking work done by other insitutions in this area. This database complements existing initiatives, which provide a wealth of resources for legal and other researchers who seek to refine their knowledge about sexual violence in conflict.
The following initiatives have kindly agreed to be linked as further sources here:
The Gender Jurisprudence and International Criminal Law Project, based at the American University Washington College of Law, maintains a large collection of relevant documents issued by international criminal courts, such as judgements and decisions. The collection is searchable by Search, Browse, and Search by Keywords functions, and can be searched for range of meta data as well.
Description and link to the database:
The International Research Group »Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict«, based at the Hamburger Stiftung zur Förderung von Wissenschaft und Kultur, has compiled a wide range of interdisciplinary academic literature. The collection is searchable online via the library catalogue Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict, hosted by the Hamburger Institut für Sozialforschung.
Description and Link to the database:
The Sexual Crimes in Conflict Database is a living database that will be updated quarterly. Currently, a comprehensive update is underway and will be completed by October 2016.
Last updated: 15 January 2016