Complementarity is one of the fundamental principles established in the Rome Statute and the cornerstone in shaping the relationship between national jurisdiction and the International Criminal Court. Taking the “complementarity” principle as a starting point and the Rome Statute as a benchmark, the Nuremberg Academy works with a team of distinguished international scholars in developing a goal-based assessment mechanism to track developments on the ground.
The “complementarity” project would contribute in fulfilling the overall goal of the Nuremberg Academy which is to support “the struggle against impunity for the most serious crimes that are of concern to the international community as a whole”. Beyond the legal approach, the project focuses on the particular country context and institutional capacities in dealing with and preventing such atrocious crimes to occur.
This project is part of the Nuremberg Academy Interdisciplinary Research. It uses a rather broad definition of “complementarity” as a principle that takes into account common aims of both local and international actors in their commitment to ensure accountability for atrocious crimes. The Nuremberg Academy will implement this project in cooperation with the Netherlands based Grotius Center for International and Legal Studies. Besides applied research, the project will have strong capacity building components for local practitioners and scholars.
In its first two years the “complementarity” project is designed as a resource center that will collect inputs from local practitioners aiming at establishing itself in a near future as a complementary monitoring mechanism that looks at developments at country level versus overarching goals of international criminal justice fighting impunity and preventing mass atrocities.
As a priority during its first years of implementation, the project will focus on the relevant countries and situations which have either internationalized tribunals or domestic processes in relation to international crimes. The selection of countries will not focus on a particular region or conflict but will be geographically representative. The Academy will engage local and international experts in analyzing and evaluating information collected on the ground.
In addition, during the first year, a review of the relevant literature will map the state of legal, institutional and social developments in the selected conflict and post conflict countries.