The Nuremberg Academy is proud to present our latest publication 'The Special Criminal Court and Accountability in the Central African Republic: Legal and Policy Recommendations'.
The paper examines the proposed options for justice and reconciliation in the Central African Republic and proposes policy recommendations on how mechanisms identified should be implemented. It provides a detailed analysis of the relationship between various options for justice, including the International Criminal Court and the proposed Special Criminal Court considered within the national transitional justice framework - the Republican Pact for Peace, National Reconciliation and Reconstruction - agreed on by the Bangui Forum on 11th May 2015. With respect to the Special Criminal Court, it reflects on its operation based on the current text of the law, and proposes policy recommendations drawn in part from the experience of similar courts as they relate to subject matter jurisdiction, the prosecutorial function, victims' rights, witness protection, the court's relationship with other courts, and non-judicial accountability mechanisms. The paper discusses how mechanisms of accountability relate to the broader transitional justice project, including constitutional reforms and others aimed at establishing peace and stability. Adopting a broad conception of justice - one that is not restricted to retributive justice - the paper locates victims within the transitional justice and criminal accountability project and argues that peace and stability as long term goals will remain elusive if the concerns of victims - however defined - are not addressed. The paper consequently argues that policy makers must fashion responses that address a multiplicity of concerns and interests in the Central African Republic.
The author Dr. Godfrey M Musila was the Head of International Criminal Law Research at the Nuremberg Academy before moving to his current post as Commissioner at the United Nations Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan.