Nuremberg Forum 2019

The Nuremberg Principles beyond the International Criminal Court: A Common Ground for Accountability

The International Nuremberg Principles Academy organized its Nuremberg Forum 2019, the major annual conference held at the historic Courtroom 600 of the Nuremberg Palace of Justice, in Nuremberg, Germany on 18 and 19 October 2019.

This conference provided a comprehensive overview of the current situation in the fight against impunity outside the scope of the International Criminal Court (ICC) by identifying the major efforts and past and recent practices in the field of international criminal law (ICL). International experts and practitioners, mostly working in judicial environments other than the ICC, critically discussed how to organize and undertake this task beyond the remit of the Rome Statute.

The objectives of the Nuremberg Forum 2019 were to:

  • identify the common elements of accountability stemming from the Nuremberg Principles
  • identify the landscape of the main accountability mechanisms and how they interact with each other and contribute to the overall accountability efforts
  • discuss benefits and challenges of alternative and complementary measures for achieving accountability
  • identify practical conclusions for the future of the field of ICL

Among other questions, the conference delved into: How can accountability for the core international crimes be ensured? What role do the Nuremberg Principles currently play in the work of accountability mechanisms? How can the Nuremberg Principles be used as a tool in developing accountability mechanisms in the future?

Panel I: Common Elements for Criminal Accountability
Panel II: The endeavors of the International Community
Panel III: Addressing impunity through Hybrid Mechanisms
Panel IV: Achieving Prosecutions at the Domestic Level
Panel V: Combatting Impunity through Universal Jurisdiction
Panel VI: Practical Implications going Forward

Prof. Leila Nadya Sadat (Washington University in St. Louis) delivered the keynote address.

Speakers included:
Judge Ivana Hrdlicková (Special Tribunal for Lebanon); Prof. Dire Tladi (University of Pretoria); Prof. Chantal Meloni (University of Milan); Prof. Christoph Safferling (Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg); Katya Salazar (Due Process of Law Foundation); Dr. Serge Brammertz (United Nations International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals); Prof. Jennifer Trahan (New York University); Prof. David Scheffer (Northwestern University); Ambassador Stephen Rapp (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum); Edmund Chinonye Obiagwu (Nigerian Coalition for the International Criminal Court); Delphine K. Djiraibé (Public Interest Law Centre); Prof. Charles Villa-Vicencio (University of Cape Town); Toby Cadman (The Guernica Group); Dixon Osburn (Halifax International Security Forum); Clémence Bectarte (International Federation for Human Rights); Judge Mike J. Chibita (Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions of Uganda); Wolfgang Kaleck (European Centre for Constitutional and Human Rights); Katherine Gallagher (Center for Constitutional Rights); Prof. Alejandro Chehtman (Universidad Torcuato Di Tella); Prof. Maria Louise Mallinder (Queen's University Belfast); Wayne Jordash QC (Global Rights Compliance LLP); Sareta Ashraph (Garden Court Chambers); Christian Ritscher (Office of the Federal Public Prosecutor General of Germany); Judge Eduardo Cifuentes Muñoz (Special Jurisdiction for Peace); Dr. Anna Myriam Roccatello (International Center for Transitional Justice); Eric Witte (Open Society Justice Initiative); Prof. Cécile Aptel (International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies);and Prof. Alette Smeulers (University of Groningen).

You can download the conference program and find photos and videos of the conference below.

Photos of the Conference - copyright: International Nuremberg Principles Academy

Nuremberg Forum 2019 - The Nuremberg Principles beyond the International Criminal Court: A Common Ground for Accountability
The speakers and chairs of the conference
Director Klaus Rackwitz giving his opening remarks
Opening remarks by Dr. Navi Pillay, former UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and President of the Advisory Council of the Nuremberg Academy
Ambassador Christophe Eick, Chairperson of the Foundation Board of the Nuremberg Academy, Legal Adviser and Director-General for Legal Affairs of the Federal Foreign Office of Germany addressing the audience
Dr. Thomas Dickert, President of the Higher Regional Court of Nuremberg, during his opening remarks
1st row fr. left to right: Dr. Navi Pillay, Klaus Rackwitz, Dr. Viviane Dittrich, Ambassador Christophe Eick, Nasser Ahmed; 2nd row fr. left to right: Judge Sang-Hyun Song, Prof. Christoph Safferling, Dr. Serge Brammertz
Opening remarks by Nasser Ahmed, representative of the City of Nuremberg
Prof. Leila Nadya Sadat, Washington University in St. Louis, delivering the keynote speech
The Nuremberg Forum 2019 took place at the historic Courtroom 600.
Panel I: "Common Elements for Criminal Accountability" with Prof. Christoph Safferling, Prof. Chantal Meloni, Katya Salazar, and Dixon Osburn (from left to right)
Prof. Christoph Safferling, Prof. Chantal Meloni, and Katya Salazar (from left to right)
Prof. Dire Tladi asking a question
Panel II: "The Endeavors of the International Community" with Ambassador Stephen J. Rapp, Prof. Dire Tladi, Prof. Jennifer Trahan, and Dr. Serge Brammertz (from left to right)
Prof. Cécile Aptel, Prof. Leila Nadya Sadat, and Judge Ivana Hrdlicková (from left to right)
Ambassador Stephen J. Rapp
Panel III: "Addressing Impunity through Hybrid Mechanisms" with Toby Cadman, Delphine K. Djiraibé, Eric Witte, Judge Ivana Hrdlicková, and Prof. David Scheffer (from left to right)
Eric Witte, Judge Ivana Hrdlicková, and Prof. David Scheffer (from left to right)
Question from the audience
Panel IV: "Achieving Prosecutions at the Domestic Level" with Edmund Chinonye Obiagwu, Prof. Maria Louise Mallinder, Prof. Charles Villa-Vicencio, Judge Mike J. Chibita, and Judge Eduardo Cifuentes Muñoz (from left to right)
Prof. Charles Villa-Vicencio (left) and Judge Mike J. Chibita (right)
Edmund Chinonye Obiagwu, Prof. Maria Louise Mallinder, and Prof. Charles Villa-Vicencio
The audience
Panel V: "Combatting Impunity through Universal Jurisdiction" with Prof. Alejandro Chehtman, Christian Ritscher, Katherine Gallagher, Wolfgang Kaleck, and Clémence Bectarte (from left to right)
Katherine Gallagher chairing the panel
Panel IV: "Practical Implications going Forward"
The panelists Dr. Anna Myriam Roccatello, Wayne Jordash QC, Sareta Ashraph, Prof. Alette Smeulers, and Prof. Cécile Aptel (from left to right)
Question from the audience
The audience
Deputy Director Dr. Viviane Dittrich giving the closing remarks
To see tweets on the Nuremberg Forum use hashtag #NueForum
Reception by the City of Nuremberg given by the Lord Mayor of Nuremberg in the Historic Town Hall
Participants of the Nuremberg Forum 2019
Dr. Ulrich Maly, Lord Mayor of the City of Nuremberg, welcoming the guests
Dr. Oscar Schneider, Dr. Serge Brammertz, and Dr. Karl Huber (center, from left to right)
Director Klaus Rackwitz
Lord Mayor Dr. Ulrich Maly (center) with the Vice-Presidents of the Advisory Council of the Nuremberg Academy, Prof. Christoph Safferling (left) and Dr. Serge Brammertz (right)
Participants of the Nuremberg Forum 2019

Videos of the Conference - Copyright: International Nuremberg Principles Academy

Opening Remarks by Klaus Rackwitz, Dr. Navi Pillay, Dr. Christophe Eick, Dr. Thomas Dickert, and Nasser Ahmed

Panel I with Katya Salazar (Chair), Prof. Christoph Safferling, Dixon Osburn, and Prof. Chantal Meloni

Panel III with Eric Witte (Chair), Toby Cadman, Delphine K. Djiraibé, Prof. David Scheffer, and Judge Ivana Hrdlicková

Panel V with Katherine Gallagher (Chair), Clémence Bectarte, Christian Ritscher, Wolfgang Kaleck, and Prof. Alejandro Chehtman

Closing Remarks by Dr. Viviane Dittrich

Keynote Address by Prof. Leila Nadya Sadat

Panel II with Prof. Jennifer Trahan (Chair), Dr. Serge Brammertz, Prof. Dire Tladi, and Ambassador Stephen J. Rapp

Panel IV with Prof. Charles Villa-Vicencio (Chair), Edmund Chinonye Obiagwu, Prof. Maria Louise Mallinder, Judge Eduardo Cifuentes Muñoz, and Judge Mike J. Chibita

Panel VI with Sareta Ashraph (Chair), Wayne Jordash QC, Prof. Alette Smeulers, Prof. Cécile Aptel, and Dr. Anna Myriam Roccatello