The Nuremberg Principles beyond the International Criminal Court: A Common Ground for Accountability
The International Nuremberg Principles Academy organized its Nuremberg Forum 2019, the major annual conference held at the historic Courtroom 600 of the Nuremberg Palace of Justice, in Nuremberg, Germany on 18 and 19 October 2019.
This conference provided a comprehensive overview of the current situation in the fight against impunity outside the scope of the International Criminal Court (ICC) by identifying the major efforts and past and recent practices in the field of international criminal law (ICL). International experts and practitioners, mostly working in judicial environments other than the ICC, critically discussed how to organize and undertake this task beyond the remit of the Rome Statute.
The objectives of the Nuremberg Forum 2019 were to:
- identify the common elements of accountability stemming from the Nuremberg Principles
- identify the landscape of the main accountability mechanisms and how they interact with each other and contribute to the overall accountability efforts
- discuss benefits and challenges of alternative and complementary measures for achieving accountability
- identify practical conclusions for the future of the field of ICL
Among other questions, the conference delved into: How can accountability for the core international crimes be ensured? What role do the Nuremberg Principles currently play in the work of accountability mechanisms? How can the Nuremberg Principles be used as a tool in developing accountability mechanisms in the future?
Panel I: Common Elements for Criminal Accountability
Panel II: The endeavors of the International Community
Panel III: Addressing impunity through Hybrid Mechanisms
Panel IV: Achieving Prosecutions at the Domestic Level
Panel V: Combatting Impunity through Universal Jurisdiction
Panel VI: Practical Implications going Forward
Prof. Leila Nadya Sadat (Washington University in St. Louis) delivered the keynote address.
Judge Ivana Hrdlicková (Special Tribunal for Lebanon); Prof. Dire Tladi (University of Pretoria); Prof. Chantal Meloni (University of Milan); Prof. Christoph Safferling (Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg); Katya Salazar (Due Process of Law Foundation); Dr. Serge Brammertz (United Nations International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals); Prof. Jennifer Trahan (New York University); Prof. David Scheffer (Northwestern University); Ambassador Stephen Rapp (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum); Edmund Chinonye Obiagwu (Nigerian Coalition for the International Criminal Court); Delphine K. Djiraibé (Public Interest Law Centre); Prof. Charles Villa-Vicencio (University of Cape Town); Toby Cadman (The Guernica Group); Dixon Osburn (Halifax International Security Forum); Clémence Bectarte (International Federation for Human Rights); Judge Mike J. Chibita (Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions of Uganda); Wolfgang Kaleck (European Centre for Constitutional and Human Rights); Katherine Gallagher (Center for Constitutional Rights); Prof. Alejandro Chehtman (Universidad Torcuato Di Tella); Prof. Maria Louise Mallinder (Queen's University Belfast); Wayne Jordash QC (Global Rights Compliance LLP); Sareta Ashraph (Garden Court Chambers); Christian Ritscher (Office of the Federal Public Prosecutor General of Germany); Judge Eduardo Cifuentes Muñoz (Special Jurisdiction for Peace); Dr. Anna Myriam Roccatello (International Center for Transitional Justice); Eric Witte (Open Society Justice Initiative); Prof. Cécile Aptel (International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies);and Prof. Alette Smeulers (University of Groningen).
You can download the conference program and find photos and videos of the conference below.